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Correlational findings

Study Ryan et al. (2017): study US 2008

Public
44-85 aged, followed 4 years before and after retirement, USA, 2008/12--2010/14
Survey name
US-HRS combined waves
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Race
Our Classification
Remarks
T1: 2008/2010, T2: 2012/2014
Operationalization
1: White, non-Hispanic
0: other

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-APA-yd-mq-n-7-a b = 0 ns White race by T1-T2 CHANGE happiness
PA: b = -.08 (ns)
NA: b = -.07 (ns)
Correlation with ABS not reported, but must be close to zero since PA and NA balance out.
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-a b = - ns White by T1-T2 CHANGE happiness
PA: b = -.11 (ns)
NA: b = +.04 (ns)
Correlation with ABS not reported, but must be negative but not significant.

b coeficients controled for
- T1 Happiness (to capture change)
- T1 Socio-demographics
  - age
  - gender
  - education
  - marital status
  - household wealth
  - control over finance
- T1 Physical limitations
- T1 Self-rated health
- T1 Personality
- T1 Perceived impracticability of wanted retirement

Similar across T1 personality types