Correlational findings

Study Moller (1985): study ZA 1984

Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 253
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
open- and closed-ended questions. The fieldwork was carried out by three Zulu male research assistants. The fieldworkers spent up to several weeks in any of the research areas to make a detailed study of living conditions of the rural communities.


Authors's Label
Planning is key to success in life
Our Classification
Direction of correlation unclear in original report. Sign in table is negative, but tekst indicates positive relationship. Present version approved by author.
Related specification variables
Selfreport on question  those who are successful in life, generally made plams and arranged things in advance (modern attitude)
1: agree
0: disagree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g r = +.34 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = +.36 All retirees O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.23 p < .0001 All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-voluntary retirement
-more active person
-no pension income
-has a confidant
-community elder
-satisfied with job while working
-enjoys aspects of retirement
-retired suddenly
-is happy as grandparents were
-preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
-higher modernity score
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.16 p < .05 Retirees aged 65 and older only(N=128)

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-grows cash crop
-voluntary retirement
-need to purchase maize
-owns cattle
-keeps chikens
-satisfied with job while working
-felt relatively young
-retired suddenly