Correlational findings

Study Moller (1985): study ZA 1984

Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 253
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
open- and closed-ended questions. The fieldwork was carried out by three Zulu male research assistants. The fieldworkers spent up to several weeks in any of the research areas to make a detailed study of living conditions of the rural communities.


Authors's Label
Personal modernity
Our Classification
Selfreport on four questions:
a. planning is key to success
b. role of elderly people in transmission of knowledge
c. innovation in agriculture
d. community leader should be well liked and educated
1: Agree
0: Disagree

Computation:: a+b(reverse coding)+c+d

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g r = +.03 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = -.05 All retirees O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.13 p < .05 All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-voluntary retirement
-more active person
-no pension income
-has a confidant
-community elder
-satisfied with job while working
-enjoys aspects of retirement
-retired suddenly
-is happy as grandparents were
-agrees: planning is key to success in life
-preference for entrepreneurship in retirement