Correlational findings

Study Moller (1985): study ZA 1984

Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Survey name:
Unnamed study
N = 253
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
open- and closed-ended questions. The fieldwork was carried out by three Zulu male research assistants. The fieldworkers spent up to several weeks in any of the research areas to make a detailed study of living conditions of the rural communities.


Authors's Label
Evaluation of retirement
Our Classification
Direction of correlation unclear in original report. Sign in table is negative, but tekst indicates positive relationship. Present version approved by author.
Related specification variables
Selfreport on single question. Tekst not reported
1:  positive
0:  negative

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g r = +.18 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = +.15 All retirees O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.11 p < .05 All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-voluntary retirement
-more active person
-no pension income
-has a confidant
-community elder
-satisfied with job while working
-retired suddenly
-is happy as grandparents were
-agrees:planning is key to success in life
-preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
-higher modernity score