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Correlational findings

Study Moller (1985): study ZA 1984

Public:
Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 253
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
open- and closed-ended questions. The fieldwork was carried out by three Zulu male research assistants. The fieldworkers spent up to several weeks in any of the research areas to make a detailed study of living conditions of the rural communities.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Access to a confidant
Our Classification
Distribution
1:66%; 0:34%
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"Is there anyone in particular that you can confide in or talk about yourself or your problems?"
1: yes
0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g r = +.23 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = +.27 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.13 p < .01 All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-satisfaction with health
-higher affluence rating
-need to purchase maize
-grows cash crop
-religious traditionalist
-keeps goats
-higher monthly income
-more active person
-worked for many years in jobs
-retired for many years
-no desire to return to work
-agrees: modern community leader
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.16 p < .01 Retrees aged 65 and older only (N=125)

Beta controlled for:
-seldom restricted by poor health
-higher affluence rating
-need to purchase maize
-grows cash crop
-religious traditionalist
-more active person
-keeps chickens
-higher standard house
-keeps goats
-larger size field
-higher monthly income
-no desire to return to work
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.15 p < .01 All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-voluntary retirement
-more active person
-no pension income
-higher standard house
-community elder
-satisfied with job while working
-enjoys aspects of retirement
-retired suddenly
-is happy as grandparents were
-agrees:planning is key to success in life
-preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
-higher modernity score
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.08 ns Retirees aged 64 and younger(N=125)

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-perceived financial adequacy
-no pension income
-were community elder
-looked forward to retirement
-is happy as grandparents were
-aged gradually