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Correlational findings

Study Moller (1985): study ZA 1984

Public:
Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 253
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
open- and closed-ended questions. The fieldwork was carried out by three Zulu male research assistants. The fieldworkers spent up to several weeks in any of the research areas to make a detailed study of living conditions of the rural communities.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Health satisfaction
Our Classification
Distribution
5:22%; 4:38%; 3:1%; 2:38%; 1:1%
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"Of course people get sick now and again, but overall, how satisfied are you with your own health?
5: very satisfied
4: satisfied
3: ambivalent
2: dissatisfied
1: very dissatisfied

categorized into two groups:
1:positive
0:negative

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g r = +.46 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = +.58 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.30 p < .0001 All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-higher affluence rating
-need to purchase maize
-grows cash crop
-religious traditionalist
-has a confidant
-keeps goats
-higher monthly income
-more active person
-worked for many years in jobs
-retired for many years
-no desire to return to work
-agrees: modern community leader
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.44 p < .0001 Retirees aged 64 and younger only (N=125)

Beta controlled for:
-higher monthly income
-religious traditionalist
-grows cash crop
-feels land is secure
-retired for many years
-worked for many years in jobs
-no desire to return to work
-achieved/confident of becoming wealthy
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.20 p < .0001 All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-voluntary retirement
-more active person
-no pension income
-has a confidant
-higher standard house
-community elder
-satisfied with job while working
-enjoys aspects of retirement
-retired suddenly
-is happy as grandparents were
-agrees:planning is key to success in life
-preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
-higher modernity score
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.14 ns Retirees aged 65 and older only (N=128)

Beta controlled for:
-grows cash crop
-voluntary retirement
-need to purchase maize
-owns cattle
-keeps chickens
-satisfied with job while working
-feels relatively young
-retired suddenly
-agrees: planning is key to success in life
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.41 p < .0001 Retirees aged 64 and younger only (N=125)

Beta controlled for:
-perceived financial adequacy
-no pension income
-community elder
-has a confidant
-looked forward to retirement
-is happy as grandparents were
-aged gradually