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Correlational findings

Study Moller (1985): study ZA 1984

Public:
Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 253
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
open- and closed-ended questions. The fieldwork was carried out by three Zulu male research assistants. The fieldworkers spent up to several weeks in any of the research areas to make a detailed study of living conditions of the rural communities.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Monthly cash income
Our Classification
Remarks
Direction of correlation unclear in original report. Sign in table is negative, but tekst indicates positive relationship. Present version approved by author.
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Selfreported monthly cash income
1: higher than R60
0:

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g r = +.27 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = +.39 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.12 p < .01 All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-satisfaction with health
-higher affluence rating
-need to purchase maize
-grows cash crop
-religious traditionalist
-has a confidant
-keeps goats
-more active person
-worked for many years in jobs
-retired for many years
-no desire to return to work
-agrees: modern community leader
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.16 p < .05 Retirees aged 65 and older only (N=128)

Beta controlled for:
-seldom restricted by poor health
-higher affluence rating
-need to purchase maize
-grows cash crop
-religious traditionalist
-more active person
-keeps chickens
-had a confidant
-had higher standard house
-keeps goats
-larger size field
-no desire to return to work
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.13 p < .05 Retirees aged 64 and younger only (N=125)

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-religious traditionalist
-grows cash crop
-feels land is secure
-retired for many years
-worked for many years in jobs
-no desire to return to work
-achieved/confident of becoming wealthy