Correlational findings

Study Moller (1985): study ZA 1984

Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 253
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
open- and closed-ended questions. The fieldwork was carried out by three Zulu male research assistants. The fieldworkers spent up to several weeks in any of the research areas to make a detailed study of living conditions of the rural communities.


Authors's Label
Keep chickens
Our Classification
Direction of correlation unclear in original report. Sign in table is negative, but tekst indicates positive relationship. Present version approved by author.
Related specification variables
Keeps chicken
1:  yes
0:  no

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g r = +.20 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = +.31 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = +.09 ns Retirees aged 65 and older only (N=128)

Beta controlled for:
-seldom restricted by poor health
-higher affluence rating
-need to purchase maize
-grows cash crop
-religious traditionalist
-more active person
-has a confidant
-higher standard house
-keeps goats
-larger size field
-higher monthly income
-no desire to return to work
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.20 p < .05 Retirees aged 65 and older only (N=128)

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-grows cash crop
-voluntary retirement
-need to purchase maize
-owns cattle
-satisfied with job while working
-feels relatively young
-retired suddenly
-agrees: planning is key to success in life