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Correlational findings

Study Moller (1985): study ZA 1984

Public:
Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 253
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
open- and closed-ended questions. The fieldwork was carried out by three Zulu male research assistants. The fieldworkers spent up to several weeks in any of the research areas to make a detailed study of living conditions of the rural communities.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Grows cash crops
Our Classification
Operationalization
Grows cash crops
1: yes
0 no

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g r = +.26 All retirees

Direction of correlation unclear in original report. Sign in table is negative, but tekst indicates positive relationship. Present version approved by author.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = -.41 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = -.18 p < .0001 All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-satisfaction with health
-higher affluence rating
-need to purchase maize
-religious traditionalist
-has a confidant
-keeps goats
-higher monthly income
-more active person
-worked for many years in jobs
-retired for many years
-no desire to return to work
-agrees: modern community leader
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = -.23 p < .0001 Retirees aged 65 and older only (N=128)

Beta controlled for:
-seldom restricted by poor health
-higher affluence rating
-need to purchase maize
-religious traditionalist
-more active person
-keeps chickens
-has a confidant
-higher standard house
-keeps goats
-larger size field
-higher monthly income
-no desire to return to work
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = -.14 p < .05 Retirees aged 64 and younger only (N=125)

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-higher monthly income
-religious traditionalist
-feels land is secure
-retired for many years
-worked for many years in jobs
-no desire to return to work
-achieved/confident of becoming wealthy
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.16 p < .05 Retirees aged 65 and older only (N=128)

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-voluntary retirement
-need to purchase maize
-owns cattle
-keeps chickens
-satisfied with job while working
-feels relatively young
-retired suddenly
-agrees: planning is key to success in life

Direction of correlation unclear in original report. Sign in table is negative, but tekst indicates positive relationship. Present version approved by author.