Correlational findings

Study Moller (1985): study ZA 1984

Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 253
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
open- and closed-ended questions. The fieldwork was carried out by three Zulu male research assistants. The fieldworkers spent up to several weeks in any of the research areas to make a detailed study of living conditions of the rural communities.


Authors's Label
Sudden retirement
Our Classification
1:80%; 0a:8%; 0b: 4%; 0c: 4%
Related specification variables
1: sudden; retired from one day to the next
0: gradually
    a: by working for shorter hours
    b: working at lighter taks=4%
    c: staying at home for longer periods

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g r = +.20 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = +.17 All retirees O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.12 p < .05 All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-voluntary retirement
-more active person
-no pension income
-has a confidant
-community elder
-satisfied with job while working
-enjoys aspects of retirement
-is happy as grandparents were
-agrees:planning is key to success in life
-preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
-higher modernity score
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.15 p < .05 Retirees aged 65 and older only (N=128)

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-grows cash crop
-voluntary retirement
-need to purchase maize
-owns cattle
-keeps chikens
-satisfied with job while working
-felt relatively young
-agrees: planning is key to success in life