Correlational findings

Study Moller (1985): study ZA 1984

Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 253
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
open- and closed-ended questions. The fieldwork was carried out by three Zulu male research assistants. The fieldworkers spent up to several weeks in any of the research areas to make a detailed study of living conditions of the rural communities.


Authors's Label
Job satisfaction when in wage employment
Our Classification
very satisfied=5%, satisfied=65%, ambivalent=1%, dissatisfied=26%, very dissatisfied=3%
Related specification variables
selfreport on single question:
"Taking all things together, how satisfied would you say you were in general as a worker in your usual job? Were you ....very satisfied, satisfied, dissatisfied,or very dissatisfied?"

categorized into two category:
1: satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g r = +.22 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = +.15 All retirees O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.18 p < .0001 All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-voluntary retirement
-more active person
-no pension income
-has a confidant
-community elder
-enjoys aspects of retirement
-retired suddenly
-is happy as grandparents were
-agrees:planning is key to success in life
-preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
-higher modernity score
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g Beta = +.22 p < .01 Retirees aged 65 and older only (N=128)

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-grows cash crop
-voluntary retirement
-need to purchase maize
-owns cattle
-keeps chikens
-feels relatively young
-retired suddenly
-agrees: planning is key to success in life