Correlational findings

Study Moller (1985): study ZA 1984

Ex-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 253
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
open- and closed-ended questions. The fieldwork was carried out by three Zulu male research assistants. The fieldworkers spent up to several weeks in any of the research areas to make a detailed study of living conditions of the rural communities.


Authors's Label
Number of years retired
Our Classification
median:10 years
Related specification variables
Selfreport on single question on number years retired (from migrant work)
2: many years

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g r = +.03 All retirees

Direction of correlation unclear in original report. Sign in table is negative, but tekst indicates positive relationship. Present version approved by author.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a r = -.13 All retirees O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = -.04 ns All retirees

Beta controlled for:
-satisfaction with health
-higher affluence rating
-need to purchase maize
-grows cash crop
-religious traditionalist
-has a confidant
-keeps goats
-higher monthly income
-more active person
-worked for many years in jobs
-no desire to return to work
-agrees: modern community leader
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-a Beta = -.10 ns Retirees aged 64 and younger only (N=125)

Beta controlled for:
-satisfied with health
-higher monthly income
-religious traditionalist
-grows cash crop
-feel land is secure
-worked for many years in jobs
-no desire to return to work
-achieved/confident of becoming wealthy