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Correlational findings

Study Horner (2014): study ZZ EU 14 2004

Public:
50-70 aged men, 16 western nations, 2004-2006
Survey name:
Multiple surveys pooled
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 18345
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: computer assisted (CAPI)
face-to-face and computer-aided personal interview

Correlate

Authors's Label
Marital status
Our Classification
Distribution
1: 81.3 %; 0: 18.7%
Operationalization
1 Married
0 not married
   a Never married
   b Divorced
   c Widowed

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-u-sq-nvt-7-a b = +.41 p < .01 Married (vs not)

Weighted by country population, controlled for
- country fixed-effect
- retired
- age, age squared, age cubed
- season of interview

Unaffected by additionally control for
- period to early retirement age
  - if younger than cutoff
  - if older than cutoff
- period to full retirement age
  - if younger than cutoff
  - if older than cutoff
O-SLu-u-sq-nvt-7-a b-iv = +.41 p < .01 Instrumental Variables used
- reached early retirement age
- reached full retirement age

Unaffected by additional Instrumental Variables used
- period to early retirement age
- period to full retirement age
- square of period to early retirement age
- square of period to full retirement age