Correlational findings

Study Debats (1996a): study NL 1991

18-42 aged mental patients,before and after psychotherapy, Netherlands, 199?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 114
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Earlier sense of fulfilment: Life Regard Index Fulfillment
Our Classification
Therapies took about 22 weeks. 4 psychoterapists were involved Pre-treatment meaning of life measured using Lif Regard Index ((batista & Almond 1973) - Fullfilment subscale; seen life in meaningfull perspective - Framework subscale: sense of goal achievement
Related specification variables
Selfreport on 14 questions:
a. I have real passion in my life.
b. I really feel good about my life.
c. Living is deeply fulfilling.
d. I feel that I am living fully.
e. I feel that I'm really going to attain what I want in life.
f. I get so excited by what I'm doing that I find new stores of energy I didn't know that I had.
g. When I look at my life I feel the satisfaction of really having worked to accomplish something.
h. I don't seem to be able to accomplish those things that are really important to me.
i. Other people seem to feel better about their lives than I do.
j. I have a lot of potential that I don't normally use.
k. I spend most of my time doing things that really aren't very important to me.
l. Something seems to stop me from doing what I really want to do.
m. Nothing very outstanding ever seems to happen to me.
n: I don't really-value what I'm doing.

Assessed at T1 before psycho-therapy

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-*-mq-v-4-c Beta = +.50 p < ..01 T1 sense of fulfilment by T2 (gain in) happiness following psycho-therapy

Beta controled for T1
- Happiness (to capture T2 gain)
- Psychological disstress
- Self-esteem