Correlational findings

Study Debats (1996a): study NL 1991

18-42 aged mental patients,before and after psychotherapy, Netherlands, 199?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N =
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Sense of fulfilment and purpose: Life Regard Index
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach alpha .91
The author randomized the order of the 14 items to avoid possible effects of mood induction due to the subsequent presentation of the positive or negative items separately
Selfreport on 28 questions:

A     Framework subscale
Aa. I feel like I have found a really significant meaning for leading my life.
Ab: I have really come to terms with what's important for me in my life.
Ac: I have a system or framework that allows me to truly understand my being alive.
Ad: I have a very clear idea of what I'd like to do with my life.
Ae: There are things that I devote all my life's energy to.
Af: I have a philosophy of life that really gives my living significance.
Ag:  I have some aims and goals that would personally give me a great deal of satisfaction if I could accomplish them.
Ah: I just don't know what I really want to do with my life.
Ai: I really don't have much of a purpose for living, even for myself.
Aj: I need to find something that I can really be committed to.
Ak: I get completely confused when I try to understand my life.
Al: There honestly isn't anything that I totally want to do.
Am:  I really don't believe in anything about my life very deeply.
An. Other people seem to have a much better idea of what they want to do with their lives than I do.

B     Framnework subscale
Ba: I have real passion in my life.
Bb;. I really feel good about my life.
Bjc;  Living is deeply fulfilling.
Bd:: I feel that I am living fully.
Be: I feel that I'm really going to attain what I want in life.
Bf:. I get so excited by what I'm doing that I find new stores of energy I didn't know that I had.
Bg:. When I look at my life I feel the satisfaction of really having worked to accomplish something.
Bh. I don't seem to be able to accomplish those things that are really important to me.
Bi: Other people seem to feel better about their lives than I do.
Bj: I have a lot of potential that I don't normally use.
Bk:I spend most of my time doing things that really aren't very important to me.
Bl: Something seems to stop me from doing what I really want to do.
Bm. Nothing very outstanding ever seems to happen to me.
Bn. I don't really-value what I'm doing.


Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-*-mq-v-4-c r = +.64 p < .001 Assessed at T1; before psychotherapy