Correlational findings

Study Debats (1996a): study NL 1991

18-42 aged mental patients,before and after psychotherapy, Netherlands, 199?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 114
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Sense of purpose: Life Regard Index Framework
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach alpha .84
The author randomized the order of the 14 items to avoid possible effects of mood induction due to the subsequent presentation of the positive or negative items separately
Selfreport on 14 questions
a. I feel like I have found a really significant meaning for leading my life.
b. I have really come to terms with what's important for me in my life.
c. I have a system or framework that allows me to truly understand my being alive.
d. I have a very clear idea of what I'd like to do with my life.
e. There are things that I devote all my life's energy to.
f. I have a philosophy of life that really gives my living significance.
g. I have some aims and goals that would personally give me a great deal of satisfaction if I could accomplish them.
h. I just don't know what I really want to do with my life.
i. I really don't have much of a purpose for living, even for myself.
j. I need to find something that I can really be committed to.
k. I get completely confused when I try to understand my life.
l. There honestly isn't anything that I totally want to do.
m. I really don't believe in anything about my life very deeply.
n. Other people seem to have a much better idea of what they want to do with their lives than I do.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-*-mq-v-4-c r = +.42 p < .001 Assessed at T1; before psychotherapy

This correlation with the Framework subscale (sense of purpose)is significantly less strong than with the Fullfilment subscale subscale.
O-Sum-*-mq-v-4-c rpc = -.12 ns rpc controled for
- Sence of fullfilment
- Psychological distress
- Self esteem