Correlational findings

Study Debats (1996a): study NL 1991

18-42 aged mental patients,before and after psychotherapy, Netherlands, 199?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 114
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Sense of fulfilment: Life Regard Index Fulfillment
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach alpha .87
The author randomized the order of the 14 items to avoid possible effects of mood induction due to the subsequent presentation of the positive or negative items separately
Selfreport on 14 questions:
a. I have real passion in my life.
b. I really feel good about my life.
c. Living is deeply fulfilling.
d. I feel that I am living fully.
e. I feel that I'm really going to attain what I want in life.
f. I get so excited by what I'm doing that I find new stores of energy I didn't know that I had.
g. When I look at my life I feel the satisfaction of really having worked to accomplish something.
h. I don't seem to be able to accomplish those things that are really important to me.
i. Other people seem to feel better about their lives than I do.
j. I have a lot of potential that I don't normally use.
k. I spend most of my time doing things that really aren't very important to me.
l. Something seems to stop me from doing what I really want to do.
m. Nothing very outstanding ever seems to happen to me.
n: I don't really-value what I'm doing.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-*-mq-v-4-c r = +.72 p < .001 Assessed at T1; before psychotherapy

This correlation with the Fullfillment subscale is significantly stronger than with the Framework subscale (sense of purpose).
O-Sum-*-mq-v-4-c rpc = +.65 p < .001 rpc controled for
- Life regard Framewwork (sense of purpose)
- Psychological distress
- Self esteem