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Correlational findings

Study Fonseca et al. (2014): study ZZ EU 11 2006

Public:
50+ aged, 12 nations, followed 4 years, 2006/08-2010
Survey name:
SHARE
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 120775
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: computer assisted (CAPI)
face-to face computed assisted personal interview

Correlate

Authors's Label
Education
Our Classification
Distribution
2=22%, 1=52%, 0=26%
Related specification variables
Operationalization
level of education
2 College
1 High school
0 Less than high school (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-bb b-IV-F = +.21 p < .01 College (vs less than high school) O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-bb b-IV-F = -.11 p < .01 College in US (vs less than high school) O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-bb b-IV-F = +.14 p < .01 High school (vs less than high school) O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-bb b-IV-F = -.11 p < .01 High school in US (vs less than high school)

Instrumental variables use
- above full retirement age
- above early retirement age
- pension replacement rate* above full retirement age
- pension replacement rate* above earlyretirement age
 
b-IV-F controlled for:
- retired
- unemployed
- log-household net wealth
- survey year
- age, age squared
- married
- ADL
- major health condition
- nation, living outside US
- log-household income