Correlational findings

Study Wnuk et al. (2012): study PL 2008

Cancer out-patients, Warsaw, Poland, 2008
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 50
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Purpose in life
Our Classification
Purpose in Life Test (Crumbaugh & Mahonick 1964)
Range 21-140, M 106,36 SD 20,68
low: 2%, medium 28%, high 70%
Selfreport on 20 questions rated  on a 1-5 numerical scale
a; I am usually: bored enthusiastic: 1---------2---------3--------4---------5
b:. Life to me seems: completely routine - always exciting.
c. In life I have: no goals or aims - clear goals and aims.
d. My personal existence is: utterly meaningless, without purpose -  purposeful and meaningful.
e. Every day is: exactly the same - constantly new and different.
f. If I could choose, I would: prefer never to have been born - want more lives just like this one.
g. After retiring, I would: loaf completely the rest of my life - do some of the exciting things I've
always wanted to.
h. In achieving life goals I’ve: made no progress whatever - progressed to complete fulfillment.
i. My life is: empty, filled only with despair - running over with exciting things.
j. If I should die today, I’d feel that my life has been: completely worthless - very worthwhile.
k. In thinking of my life, I often wonder why I exist - Always see reasons for being here.
l. As I view the world in relation to my life, the world: completely confuses me - fits meaningfully with my life.
m. I am a: very irresponsible person - very responsible person.
n. Cncerning freedom to choose, I believe humans are: completely bound by limitations of
heredity and environment - totally free to make all life choices.
o. With regard to death, I am: unprepared and frightened - prepared and unafraid.
p. Regarding suicide, I have: thought of it seriously as a way out - never given it a second thought.
q. I regard my ability to find a purpose or mission in life as  practically none -  very great.
r. My life is: out of my hands and controlled by
external factors; in my hands and I’m in control of it.
s. Facing my daily tasks is: a painful and boring experience - a source of pleasure & satisfaction.
t. I have discovered: no mission or purpose in life - a satisfying life purpose

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cb r = +.53 p < .01 O-HL-c-sq-v-4-o r = +.55 p < .01 O-DT-c-sq-v-6-a r = +.55 p < .01