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Correlational findings

Study Austrom et al. (2003): study US 2000

Public:
Retired physicians and spouces, USA, 2000
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 678
Non Response:
57%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
mailed questionnaire

Correlate

Authors's Label
Age
Our Classification
Distribution
all physicans: M=75, SD=6,7, range 61-100,
spouse: M=71, SD=8
Related specification variables
Operationalization
1: <70
2: 70-74
3: 75-79
4: 80+

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-c-sq-?-9-a ORO = 0.91 p < .731 All physicians.
- <70                       reference
- 70-74                     CI95 [0.55, 1.53]
O-DT-c-sq-?-9-a ORO = 0.99 p < .987 - 75-79                     CI95 [0.57, 1.74] O-DT-c-sq-?-9-a ORO = 0.70 p < .264 - 80+                       CI95 [0.38, 1.30]
          
ORO controlled for
- current health
- health compared to pre-retirement
- optimism
- financial security
- other activities/hobbies
- married
- male
- time since retirement
- reasons for retirement
- transition to other activities
O-DT-c-sq-?-9-a ORO = 0.73 p < .275 Married physicians only
- <70                       reference
- 70-74                     CI95 [0.42, 1.28]
O-DT-c-sq-?-9-a ORO = 0.94 p < .849 - 75-79                     CI95 [0.51, 1.73] O-DT-c-sq-?-9-a ORO = 0,63 p < .184 - 80+                       CI95 [0.32, 1.25]


ORO additionally controlled for
- more time spent with spouse
- more time helping with chores
- improved relationship with spouse
- improved sexual relationship
O-DT-c-sq-?-9-a ORO = 1.40 p < .183 Spouses (N=399, 91% female)
- <70                       reference
- 70-74                     CI95 [0.86, 2.28]
O-DT-c-sq-?-9-a ORO = 2.30 p < .003 - 75-79                     CI95 [1.32, 4.00] O-DT-c-sq-?-9-a ORO = 2.09 p < .047 - 80+                       CI95 [1.01, 4.29]

ORO controlled for:
- retired (vs currently working)
- never worked
- current health
- health compared to pre-retirement
- financial security
- attending sports events
- attending performing arts
- male
- more time spent with spouse
- physician spends more time helping with chores
- improved relationship with spouse
- improved sexual relationship