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Correlational findings

Study Burton & Phipps (2010): study CA 2002

Public:
12+ aged general public, Canada 2002-2008
Survey name:
CA-Canadian Community Health Survey: combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1000000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
interviews with children aged 12-17 were carried out in such a way that parents could not see the childs response

Correlate

Authors's Label
Immigrant
Our Classification
Remarks
Parent immigrants who stayed longer than 17 years in Canada were excluded
Distribution
12-17 girls: N = 9345, 507 immigrants
12-17 boys: N = 10154, 633 immigrants18-64 mothers: n = 27470, 2371 immigrants
18-64 fathers: n = 23417, 2175 immigrants
Related specification variables
Operationalization
1: immigrants, foreign born
0: non-immigrants, born in Canada

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-k D% = - 12-17 aged girls     % happy
- foreign born       91,2
- Canadian born      94,1
difference           -2,9
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-k DM = - 12-17 aged boys
- foreign born       94,5
- Canadian born      96,0
difference           -1,5
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-k D% = - 30-64 aged mothers   
- recent immigrants  86,7       
- Canadian born      93,6
difference           -6,9
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-k D% = - 30-64 aged fathers  
- recent immigrants  87,9    
- Canadian born      94,4
difference           -6,5
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-k OPRC = -.16 p < .10 12-17 aged girls (N=9345) O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-k OPRC = -.12 p < .10 12-17 aged boys (N=10154) O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-k OPRC = -.53 p < .01 18-64 aged mothers (N=27470) O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-k OPRC = -.53 p < .01 18-64 aged fathers (N=23417)

Negative correlation stronger among
- parents than among children
- girls than among boys
- fathers than among sons

Negative correlation not different among
- fathers than among mothers
- mothers than among daugthers

Correlation disappears among children and is halved among parents after control for:
- Personal characteristics
  - age
  - health
- Family characteristics
  - family structure
  - family size
  - highest education level by household member
- Family equivalent income
- Location
  - region in Canada
  - urban rural
- Ethnicity and language spoken at home