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Correlational findings

Study Hart et al. (2018): study ZZ Europe 2014

Public:
18+ aged, urban areas, European countries, 2014
Survey name:
INT-SPOTLIGHT survey
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5205
Non Response:
89.2%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web
online survey

Correlate

Authors's Label
destinations in neighborhood
Our Classification
Remarks
Assessed using Google Street View
Distribution
Range: 0.01-0.12)Median, (IQR), M = 0.02(0.02))
Related specification variables
Operationalization
% of streets with community and commercial facilities available

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = + Relative Risk (RRR) for being... (vs unhappy)
neutral          moderate happy very happy
RRR  CI95        RRR CI95       RRR  CI95
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = + p < ..001 Man only:
0,50 0.15;1,68   0.40 0,14;1,19  0,19 0,07;0,49
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = + p < ..004 WOMAN oly:
0,74 0.30;1,81   0.48 0,19;1,20  0,38 0,18;0,84
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = + p < ..005 Ghent region(Belgium) only:
2,33 1.10;4,8194  1.06 0,56;2  0,55 0,25;1,22
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = + p < ..05 Greater Paris(France) only:
0,05 0.00;1,09   0.06 0,00;1,31  0,04 0,00;0,83
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = + p < ..08 Greater budapest(Hangary) only:
0,89 0.15;5,33   0.49 0,09;2,80  0,47 0,10;2,31
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = + p < ..08 the Randstad(the Netherlands)ONLY:
0,48 0.08;2,71   0.94 0,11;8,40  0,24 0,03;2,02
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = + ns GREATER London(UK) ONLY:
0,66 0.10;4,14   0.27 0,07;1,01  0,29 0,07;1,21

Relative Risk Ratios (RRR) controled for
- personal characteristics
  - age
  - gender
- other neighbourhood characteristics
  - functionality: e.g. maintenance of streets
  - destination: location of neighourhood

Significance (p<.001) denotes higher correlation with destination in the neighborhood