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Correlational findings

Study Hart et al. (2018): study ZZ Europe 2014

Public:
18+ aged, urban areas, European countries, 2014
Survey name:
INT-SPOTLIGHT survey
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5205
Non Response:
89.2%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web
online survey

Correlate

Authors's Label
functionality in neighborhood
Our Classification
Remarks
Assessed using Google Street View
Distribution
Range: 0.12-0.69, M = 0.38+-0.15
Related specification variables
Operationalization
% street with structured neighborhood and well  maintained street segments, paths and bus stops etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = Relative Risk (RRR) for being... (vs unhappy)
neutral          moderate happy very happy
RRR  CI95        RRR CI95       RRR  CI95
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = + p < ..1 EMPLOYED only:
1.07 0.84, 1.36  0.980.80,1.18  0.94 0.77, 1.14
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = + p < ..002 UNEMPLOYED only
0,92 0.65;1,31   080 0,59;1,12  0,69 0,55;0,87
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-f ORO = + p < ..002 RETIRED only
0,75 0,60;0,95   0,74 0,58;0,93 0,66; 0,52;0,84

Relative Risk Ratios (RRR) controled for
- personal characteristics
  - age
  - gender
- other neighbourhood characteristics
  - functionality: e.g. maintenance of streets
  - destination: location of neighourhood

Significance (p<.5) denotes higher correlation with functionality of streets