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Correlational findings

Study Blumenthal et al. (1991): study US 1985

Public:
60-83 aged participants in 14 month exercise training and controls,USA,1985-1987
Survey name:
US-Duke Aging and Excercise Study 1985-87
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 101
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
14 months exercise training
Our Classification
Remarks
Aerobic class: 3 times per week 30 minutes of bicycle ergonometry at 70% of maximal heart rate and 15 minutes of walking, mild jogging and arm exercises. 10 minute warm up and 5 minute cool down Yoga class: 2 times per week 60 minutes of nonaerobic exercises
Distribution
N =50 1a: 23, 1b: 12, 0 :14
50% dropped our during the study
Operationalization
Elderly were randomly assigned to:
1  Experimental exercise intervention
    a: aerobic class
    b: yoga class
0: Control groups: waiting list

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AB-cq-mq-v-2-a DM = 0 ns AROBIC, males
                   T1   T2   T3   T4   T4-T1
Experimental M =   8,8  8,3  9,1  8,7  -0,1
Controls     M =   8,7  8,7  8,5  8,6  -0,1  
- difference      -0,1 +0,4 -0,6 -0,1   0,0
A-AB-cq-mq-v-2-a DM = + ns AROBIC, females
Experimental  M =  8,7  8,7  8,0  8,3  -0,4
Controls      M =  8,8  8,8  8,4  8,5  -0,3  
- difference       +0,1 +0,1 +0,4 +0,2 +0,1
A-AB-cq-mq-v-2-a DM = - ns YOGA males
Experimental M =   8,5  8,6  9,2  9.2  +0,7
Controls     M =   8,7  8,7  8,5  8,6  -0,1  
- difference      +0,2 +0,1 -0,7 -0,6  -.08
A-AB-cq-mq-v-2-a DM = - ns YOGA female
Experimental M =   8,4  8,6  8,9  9,3  +0,9
Controls     M =   8,8  8,8  8,4  8,5  -0,3  
- difference      +0,4 +0,2 -0,5 -0,8  -1,2

Happiness assessed at
T1: baseline
T2: 4 months
T3: 8 months
T4: 14 months