Correlational findings

Study Stieger & Götz (2015): study DE 2014

Participants in diary study followed before and after Soccer World Championship, Germany 2014.
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 213
Non Response
Questionnaire: Conputer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI)
Smart phone app called Well-Being Science App was designed for this study. The app was made freely available through the Google App Store, where participants could directly download the app on to their smart phones.


Authors's Label
World champion soccer games
Our Classification
Momentary mood during the games was assessed 3 times a day during 2 weeks
2014 World Cup soccer games in Germany. Mood of participants was followed on a daily basis during two week in which the following matches took place:
a: Germany vs  Portugal (4.0)
b: Germany vs Ghana (2,2)
c: Germany vs USA (1.0)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-QOL-g-sq-ol-101-a DM = - p < .47 Happiness before games:  M = 75.8   SD = 16,2
Happiness after games:   M = 74,9   SD = 15,1
-difference                  -0,9

No effect on GENERAL happiness even though spectators were in a better MOMENTARY mood than non-speciation during the games, in particular when the German team had won.

Repeated assessment of MOMENTARY mood during the games was not followed by higher GENERAL happiness after the games.

Average MONENTARY mood was slightly lower (M = 70,3) than average GENERAL happiness (M = 75,4)