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Correlational findings

Study Ugur (2019): study TR 2013

Public:
18+ aged general public, Turkey 2013
Survey name:
TR-TurkishLS2013
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 196303
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Perceived change in standard of living over past 5 years
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on question about change in one's standard of living over past 5 years
3: improved
2: stayed the same(reference)
1: declined

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a b = +.10 p < .01 Standard of living IMPROVED(vs stayed the same)

b (+.097) controled for:
- Basic controls
  - income bracket
  - gender
  - age, age squared
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - education
  - satisfaction with health
  - satisfaction with relations with friends
  - year fixed effects
- Expected improvement/deterioration of living standard in next 5 years
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a b = +.07 p < .01 b (+.072) additionally controled for comparison income
- self placement on income ladder

b unaffected by additional control for either
- average income in city lived, or
- average income of age group in city lived

Similar across
- gender
- age
- education
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a b = -.16 p < .01 Standard of living DECLINED(vs stayed the same)

b (-,159) controled for:
- Basic controls
  - income bracket
  - gender
  - age, age squared
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - education
  - satisfaction with health
  - satisfaction with relations with friends
  - year fixed effects
- expected improvement/deterioration of living standard in next 5 years
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a b = -.14 p < .01 b (-.141) additionally controled for comparison income
- self-placement on income ladder

b unaffected by additional control for either
- average income in city lived, or
- average income of age group in city lived

Similar across
- gender
- age
- education
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a b = +.02 ns DO NOT KNOW whether standard of living improved or deteriorated over past 5 years    (vs stayed the same)

b (+.017) controled for:
- Basic controls
  - income bracket
  - gender
  - age, age squared
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - education
  - satisfaction with health
  - satisfaction with relations with friends
  - year fixed effects
- expected improvement/deterioration of living standard in next 5 years

Similar across
- males and females
  Except 'do not know' unrelated to happiness among females
- age groups
- education lavels
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a b = +.05 p < .01 b (+.053) additionally controled for comparison income
- self placement on income ladder

Similar with additional control for either
- average income in city lived, or
- average income of age group in city lived

Significant only among
- males
- young, middle aged. Not among elderly
- lower education than university