print

Correlational findings

Study Ugur (2019): study TR 2003

Public:
18+ aged general public, Turkey 2003-2017
Survey name:
TR-TurkishLS pooled surveys
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 300313
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Income bracket
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Monthly net household income in Turkish Lira
1 less than 1509 (equals US$ 300)
2 1510-2166
3 2167-3032
4 3033-4442
5 mover 4443 (equals US$ 890)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a DM = 1: M = 3,42
2: M = 3,56
3: M = 3,60
4: M = 3,68
5: M = 3,76
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a b = +.07 p < .01 b (+.068) controled for:
- gender
- age, age squared
- marital status
- employment status
- education
- satisfaction with health
- satisfaction with relations with friends
- year fixed effects
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a b = +,05 p < .01 b (+.054) additionally controled for:
- perceived improvement/deteoriation living standard over last 5 years
- expected improvement/deteriation of livingstandard in next 5 years
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-a b = +.03 p < .01 b (+.031) additionally controlled for:
- selfplacement on welfare ladder

Similar across
- males and females
- young, middel aged older
- educational levels

b declined between 2003 and 2017, in which period Turkey recovered from the 2002 recession and GDP rose