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Correlational findings

Study Winters & Li (2015): study US 2005

Public:
18-85 aged, 2361 counties, USA 2005
Survey name:
US-BRFSS 2010
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 19420490
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's Label
Metro status and size
Our Classification
Remarks
all regressions include month and year dummies.
Distribution
M= a:0.176, b:0.151, c:0.221, d:0.202, e: 0.147
SD=a:0.381, b:0.358, c:0.415, d:0.401, e: 0.354
Operationalization
Thousands Inhabitants of the county
1 Urban
   a: .Micropolitian
   b: .Small metropolitian        (0-250)
   c: .Medium metropolitian    (250.-1000)
   d: .Large metropolitiam       (1000- 4000)
   e: .very large metropolitan (<4000)
0 non-urban (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g b = + b no controls
- Micropolitan            +.0158  (01)
- Small metropolitan:     +.0236  (01)
- Medium metropolitan     +.0159  (01)
- Large metropolitan      +.0075  (ns)
- very large metropolitan +.0006  (ns)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g b = - b controled for individual characteristics
- Micropolitan            -.0009  (ns)
- Small metropolitan:     -.0007  (ns)
- Medium metropolitan     +.0159  (ns)
- Large metropolitan      -.0146  (01)
- very large metropolitan -.0210  (01)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g b = - b additionally controled for county and unemployment rate and natural amenities
- Micropolitan            -.0047  (10)
- Small metropolitan:     -.0047  (ns)
- Medium metropolitan     -.0140  (01)
- Large metropolitan      -.0220  (01)
- very large metropolitan -.0257  (01)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g b = - p < .-.10 b aadditionally controled for population density
- Micropolitan            -.0047  (10)
- Small metropolitan:     -.0047  (ns)
- Medium metropolitan     -.0135  (01)
- Large metropolitan      -.0206  (01)
- very large metropolitan -.0186  (01)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g b = -.00 p < .01 b controled for income
- Micropolitan            -.0116  (01)
- Small metropolitan:     -.0190  (01)
- Medium metropolitan     -.0334  (01)
- Large metropolitan      -.0489  (01)
- very large metropolitan -.0604  (01)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g b = - Similar for years 2005-2006 only (after 2000 recesion) O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g b = -. Similar across costal areas in the US