Correlational findings

Study Abbott et al. (2011): study ZZ Various nation sets 2001

Adults, general public, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia and Georgia, 2001
Survey name
Unnamed study
N =
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Sense of malaise
Our Classification
Self report on question about of symptoms of psychological distress (anxiety and depression)
a: unable to concentrate
b: loss of confidence
c: often shaking and trembling
d: frightening thoufhts
e: spells of exhaustion
f: feelings of stress

1: has the symptom
2: does not

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-c Beta = -.09 p < .01 Beta conducted for other aspects of empowerment:
- perceived freedom in nation
- self-reported health
- sense of control
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-c Beta = -.06 p < .01 Beta additionally controled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Economic situation
  - evaluation of situation as good/bad
  - sufficiency of income
- social cohesion
  - trust in people
  - trust in government
  - fear of crime
- Social integration
  - active member of voluntary organization
  - Social, resources
  - personal support
  - nationality: identification with main ethnic group
  - married
  - employed
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-c Beta = -.01 ns Beta additionally controled for country
- Freedom of choice and control