print

Correlational findings

Study Moskowitz et al. (2017): study US 2014

Public:
HIV diagnosed patients, USA, 2014
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 120
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Positive affect intervention
Our Classification
Remarks
The sessions in the control group were designed to remove the positive affect component of the intervention, while main-taining any nonspecific effects arising from one-on-one contact with a sympathetic facilitator to share one’s personal stories and concerns.
Distribution
1: N = 59 (analysed), 0: N = 61 (analysed)
Operationalization
Participants were randomly assigned to:
1. POSITIVE AFFECT INTERVENTION
The intervention consisted of five in-person sessions and one phone session in which facilitators taught participants eight empirically supported behavioral and cognitive skills for increasing positive affect. The eight skills are: (a) noting daily positive events, (b) capitalizing on or savoring positive events, © gratitude, (d) mindfulness,  (e) positive reappraisal, (f) focusing on personal strenghts, (g) setting and working toward attainable goals and (h) small acts of kindness.
0: CONTROL GROUP.
Participants had five one-on-one sessions with a facilitator, followed by a sixth session by phone, producing a time/attention-matched comparison condition. he interviews included (a) Life history (qualitative); (b) Health history (qualitative), Use of complementary and alternative medicine, physical activity; (c) Personality and diet questionnaires; (d) Social support and social network; (e) Meaning and purpose; and (f) Ranking sessions, whether they would recommend the sessions to a friend, and rating sessions on enjoyment (conducted by phone).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BF-cw-mq-v-5-a DM = + ns                  T0   T5   T15   T5-T1  T15-T1
Intervention     0,9  1,1  1,7   +0,2   +0,8
Control          1,0  1,1  1,5   +0,1   +0,5
DIFFERENCE                       +0,1   +1,3
A-BF-cw-mq-v-5-a D%sr = + ns                  T0   T5   T15   T5-T1  T15-T1
Intervention                     +2,5%  +10,0%
Control                          +1,2%  + 6,3%
DIFFERENCE                       +1,3%  + 3,7%

Happpiness assessed at
T0 = baseline
T5 = approximately 2 weeks post intervention
T10 = approximately 5,5 months follow-up
T15 = approximately 10,5 months follow-up

Time x Group effects were not statistically significant, within group significance in time not reported.