- HIV diagnosed patients, USA, 2014
- Survey name
- Unnamed study
- N = 120
- Non Response
- Interview: face-to-face
- Authors's Label
- Positive affect intervention
- Our Classification
- The sessions in the control group were designed to remove the positive affect component of the intervention, while main-taining any nonspecific effects arising from one-on-one contact with a sympathetic facilitator to share one’s personal stories and concerns.
- 1: N = 59 (analysed), 0: N = 61 (analysed)
- Participants were randomly assigned to:
1. POSITIVE AFFECT INTERVENTION
The intervention consisted of five in-person sessions and one phone session in which facilitators taught participants eight empirically supported behavioral and cognitive skills for increasing positive affect. The eight skills are: (a) noting daily positive events, (b) capitalizing on or savoring positive events, © gratitude, (d) mindfulness, (e) positive reappraisal, (f) focusing on personal strenghts, (g) setting and working toward attainable goals and (h) small acts of kindness.
0: CONTROL GROUP.
Participants had five one-on-one sessions with a facilitator, followed by a sixth session by phone, producing a time/attention-matched comparison condition. he interviews included (a) Life history (qualitative); (b) Health history (qualitative), Use of complementary and alternative medicine, physical activity; (c) Personality and diet questionnaires; (d) Social support and social network; (e) Meaning and purpose; and (f) Ranking sessions, whether they would recommend the sessions to a friend, and rating sessions on enjoyment (conducted by phone).
Observed Relation with Happiness
Intervention 0,9 1,1 1,7 +0,2 +0,8
Control 1,0 1,1 1,5 +0,1 +0,5
DIFFERENCE +0,1 +1,3
Intervention +2,5% +10,0%
Control +1,2% + 6,3%
DIFFERENCE +1,3% + 3,7%
Happpiness assessed at
T0 = baseline
T5 = approximately 2 weeks post intervention
T10 = approximately 5,5 months follow-up
T15 = approximately 10,5 months follow-up
Time x Group effects were not statistically significant, within group significance in time not reported.