Correlational findings

Study Howells et al. (2016): study ZZ 2012

Participants in happiness training, multiple countries, 2012
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 121
Non Response
Questionnaire: Conputer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI)


Authors's Label
Headspace-On-The-Go App, based on mindfulness
Our Classification
1: n = 57, 0: n = 64
Participants were randomly assigned to:
1. HEADSPACE ON-THE-GO APP.  A smartphone application delivering simple daily activities based on mindfulness practice. It teaches beginners the basic concepts of mindfulness through simple guided meditations and content is supported by science. Participants were instructed to follow the daily mindfulness exercises feature of the ‘‘Take 10’’ program for 10 min a
day over 10 days. The application was brief and easy to use, free to download and
accessible to smartphones globally
0. CONTROL. . This condition engaged with a neutral task; a list-making application. Participants were instructed to use only the checklist function to ‘‘create an outline of what
you did on this day last week’’ for 10 min a day over 10 days, and to ‘‘write out these
activities in a checklist format’.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BW-cw-mq-v-5-c DM = +                      T0      T1       T1-T0
Intervention         13,56   18,47    +4,91
Controls             14,80   14,16    -0,64  

INTERVENTION VS CONTROL               +5,55
A-BW-cw-mq-v-5-c D%sr = +                                       T1-T0
Intervention                          +6,1%
Controls                              -0,8%

INTERVENTION VS CONTROL               +6,9%

Happiness measured at
T0 = baseline
T1 = post intervention

Change in positive affect is statistically significant, change in negative affect is not.Significance of affect balance is unclear