Correlational findings

Study Chen et al. (2012): study TW 2007 /1

College students, Taiwan, 200?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N =
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Students completed the questionnaire in class


Authors's Label
Ambivalence for emotional expression
Our Classification
M - 3,99; SD = 1,15
Self report; 6 questions
A Often I find that I am not able to tell other how much they really mean to me
B Often I'd like to show others how I feel, but something seems to be holding me back
C  I want to express my emotions honestly but I am afraid that it may cause me embarrassment or hurt.
D t it may cause me embarrassment or hurt.
d I often cannot bring myself to express what I am really feeling.
E It is hard to find the right words to indicate to others what I am really feeling.
F indicate to others what I am really feeling. (6) I would like to be more spontaneous in my emotional reactions but I just can’t seem to do it.

1 do not agree
7 agree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-n-7-d r = -.18 p < .01 The significance receives 2 asterisks in the table but the note does not include 2 asterisks. Presumed that p-value is < .01 O-HL-c-sq-n-7-d b = -.13 ns b controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Gratitude