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Correlational findings

Study Betz (1984): study US 1982

Public:
College graduated women, USA, 1982
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 474
Non Response:
33%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Correlate

Authors's label
Need fullfillment
Our Classification
Operationalization
Porters Need Satisfaction Questionnaire was expanded by an item on 'physical safety'. The questionnaire provided 16 sets of items reflecting five of Maslow's human needs (security, safety, social, autonomy, esteem and self-actualization). Each of the items was scored on three dimensions:        1.How much of the characteristic is   there now connected with your job?    
2.How much of the characteristic do you   think should be connected with your    job?
    
3.How important is this       job-characteristic for you?

For the present study, five need deficiency scores were calculated by substracting the individual's response to the second part from the response to the first part. The individual score for each need deficiency was then calculated by averaging the responses across those items compromising each need scale (Item responses were based on a 7-point rating scale).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.05 ns Security-safety deficiency O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.04 ns     *profesional-managerial O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.09 ns     *clerical-sales O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.16 p < .05     *Homemakers
O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = -.01 ns Social deficiency O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.02 ns     *profesional-mamagerial O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = -.11 ns     *clerical-sales O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.12 ns     *Homemakers                                O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = -.08 ns Autonomy deficiency O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = -.05 ns     *profesional-managerial O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.20 ns     *clerical-sales O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = -.22 p < .05     *Homemakers
O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = -.02 ns Esteem deficiency O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = -.12 ns     *profesional-managerial O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.27 ns     *clerical-sales O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.12 ns     *Homemakers
O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.42 p < .01 Self-actualization deficiency O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.46 p < .01     *profesional-managerial O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.01 ns     *clerical-sales O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a Beta = +.57 ns     *Homemakers

ß's controlled for defiencies in other needs

O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a r = +.38 p < .01 Total needfullfillment O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a r = +.39 p < .01     *profesional-managerial O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a r = +.40 ns     *clerical-sales O-SLu-c-sq-n-8-a r = +.57 p < .01     *Homemakers