Correlational findings

Study Hogan et al. (2016): study ZZ Western nations 2007

25-85 aged inhabitants of 5 big cities, western nations 2007
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 5000
Non Response
Interview: Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI)
mostly by smartphone


Authors's Label
Place characteristics of city
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Crorbach alpha: 25-34 aged: .66; 35-49 aged: .74; 50-64 aged: .68; 65-85 aged: ,77
Related specification variables
Selfreport on 6 questions:
a: There are many things in my city that  I can proudly show to visitors
b: There are many parks and sport facilities in my city
c: It is convenient to use public transpontation (e.g. subway, trains or buses) in my city
d: My city is a beautiful city
e: I have easy access in my city to plenty of shops, supermarkets and department stores
f: My city allows easy access to culture and leisure facilities, such as movie theaters, museums and concert halls
Answers rated:
5: strongly agree
4: agree
3: neither agree nor disagree
2; disagree
1 strongly disagree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hb b = +.24 p < .002 5-34 aged O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hb b = +.13 p < .007 35-49 aged O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hb b = +.18 p < .06 50-64 aged O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hb b = +.09 p < .137 65-85 aged

b controled for:
- personal characteristics
  - marital status
  - income
- mediating variables
  - self-reported health
  - sense of connection
  - trust in local government
  - opportuniniets for volunteering in city
  - job opportunities in city