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Correlational findings

Study Beals (1985): study US 1978

Public:
Immigrants from Europe, USA, 1978
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 844
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Socioeconomic status
Our Classification
Operationalization
Index consisting of 3 items:
1. Family income.
   Yearly family income 1977 was
   ascertained with 37 categories,
   ranging from zero to over $ 80.000,-
2. Education.
   Years of education.
3. Occupational prestige.
   Duncan SEI score.
Loadings of the three items were determined by factor-analysis.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = +.07 ns ßL standardized direct path coefficient in a LISREL-model, controlled for perceptions of US-life, contacts with relatives, contacts with friends, and immigration generation.
Also involved in the model are positive and negative affect.
                  
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = +.20 p < .01 ßL standardized direct path coefficient in a LISREL-model, controlled for perceptions of US-life, contacts with relatives, contacts with friends and immigration generation.
Also involved in the model are cognitive well-
being and negative affect.
           
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = -.02 Sum of indirect paths via perceptions of US-life,
and contacts with relatives, contacts with friends.
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = +.04 Sum of indirect paths via perceptions of US-life,
contacts with relatives, contacts with friends.
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = +.05 Total of direct and indirect paths. M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = +.24 Total of direct and indirect paths O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b r = -.02 ns Immigrants from Western Europe M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a r = +.13 p < .01 Immigrants from Western Europe O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b r = +.02 ns Immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a r = +.15 p < .01 Immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe