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Correlational findings

Study Beals (1985): study US 1978

Public:
Immigrants from Europe, USA, 1978
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 844
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Immigrant status
Our Classification
Operationalization
1. Third generation if born and living
   in USA but having 2 grandparents
   born elsewhere.
2. Second generation if born and living
   in USA themselves, but having at
   least 3 grandparents, born elsewhere
3. First generation if they themselves
   grew up in Europe and at least 3
   grandparents were not born in USA.

Sequence reversed by us

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b r = +.01 ns M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a r = +.08 p < .05 M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = -.06 ns ßL standardized direct path coefficient in a LISREL-model, controlled for perceptions of US-life, contacts with relatives, contacts with friends, and socioeconomic status.
Also involved in the model are well-being and negative affect.
             
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = +.01 ns ßL standardized direct path coefficient in a LISREL-model, controlled for perceptions of US-life, contacts with relatives, contacts with friends, and socioeconomic status.
Also involved in the model are positive and negative affect.
                             
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = +.00 Indirect path via perception of US life M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = +.00 Indirect path via perception of US-life O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = +.00 Indirect path via contacts with relatives. M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = +.00 Indirect path via contacts with relatives. M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = +.00 Indirect path via contacts with friends. O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = +.00 Indirect path via contacts with friends O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = +.01 Total for direct and indirect paths

IMMIGRANTS FROM EASTERN AND SOUTHERN EUROPE
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = -.06 Total for direct and indirect paths.

IMMIGRANTS FROM EASTERN AND SOUTHERN EUROPE    

    
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b r = -.08 ns M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a r = -.06 ns O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = -.19 p < .05 ßL standardized direct path coefficient in a LISREL-model, controlled for perceptions of US-life, contacts with relatives, contacts with friends and socioeconomic status.
Also involved in the model are positive and negative affect.
                   
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = -.13 ns ßL standardized direct path coefficient in a LISREL-model, controlled for perceptions of US-life, contacts with relatives, contacts with friends and socioeconomic status.
Also involved in the model are well-being and negative affect.
        
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = +.10 Indirect path via perception of US-life M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = +.08 Indirect path via perception of US-life M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = -.01 Indirect path via contacts with relatives. O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = -.01 Indirect path via contacts with relatives. M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = +.00 Indirect path via contacts with friends. O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = +.00 Indirect path via contacts with friends O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-b Beta-L = -.10 Total for direct and indirect paths. M-AO-u-mq-*-0-a Beta-L = -.06 Total for direct and indirect paths