Correlational findings

Study White et al. (2013): study GB 1991

18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, followed 18 years 1991 - 2008
Survey name
UK-BHPS combined waves
N = 56574
Non Response
Multiple assesment methods
Greenspace: Generalised Land Use Database (GLUD)


Authors's Label
Crime rate
Our Classification
Source: Data from the Generalised Land Use Database (GLUD, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, 2005). GLUD classifies land use at high geographical resolution across England and has been applied to 32,482 lower-layer super output areas (LSOAs), a standard geographic unit used to report small-area statistics. LSOA encompass similarly sized populations with each containing around 1,500 people. Mean physical area is 4km2. Area cover approximately 10m2 (2005). Focused mainly on BHPS observations (84%). GLUD devides total land cover in each LSOA into 9 categories=green space, domestic gardens, fresh water, domestic buildings, nondomestidc buildings, roads, paths, railways, and other.
Mean: 0.14 (0.76)
Crime in  Lower-layer super output areas (LSOA's).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-e Beta-f = +.02 p < .104 Beta-fix controlled for:
- local characterits (LSOA):
  - Green spece: % surface
  - Water: % surface
  - Average employment
  - Average education
  - Average income
- individual characteristics
  - Age
  - Education
  - Married
  - Children
  - Household income
  - Health limitation
  - Employment
  - Household residence
  - Household space
  - Commuting time

Analysis at diffferent point in time covering both people who changed residence and not