Correlational findings

Study White et al. (2013): study GB 1991

18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, followed 18 years 1991 - 2008
Survey name:
UK-BHPS combined waves
N = 56574
Non Response:
Multiple asesment methods
Greenspace: Generalised Land Use Database (GLUD)


Authors's label
Water %
Our Classification
Source: Data from the Generalised Land Use Database (GLUD, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, 2005). GLUD classifies land use at high geographical resolution across England and has been applied to 32,482 lower-layer super output areas (LSOAs), a standard geographic unit used to report small-area statistics. LSOA encompass similarly sized populations with each containing around 1,500 people. Mean physical area is 4km2. Area cover approximately 10m2 (2005). Focused mainly on BHPS observations (84%). GLUD devides total land cover in each LSOA into 9 categories=green space, domestic gardens, fresh water, domestic buildings, nondomestidc buildings, roads, paths, railways, and other.
Mean: 1.73%  (6.59)
Water % of lower-layer super output areas (LSOA's) accounted for by water.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-e Beta-f = +.01 p < .202 Beta-fix controlled for:
- local characterits (LSOA):
  - Green % surface
  - Average income
  - Average employment
  - Average education
  - Crime rate
- individual characteristics
  - Age
  - Education
  - Married
  - Children
  - Household income
  - Heatth limitation
  - Employment
  - Household residence
  - Household space
  - Commuting time

Analysis at diffferent point in time covering both people who changed residence and not