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Correlational findings

Study Kirchler (1984b): study AT 1983

Public:
Unemployed, followed 6 months after job loss, Linz Austria, 1983
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 31
Non Response:
Dropout due to refusal 23%
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Highly structured mood diary, questionnaire and personal interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Re-employed continuation of unemployment
Our Classification
Operationalization
0 Found a job          (N=17)
1 Remained unemployed  (N=11)

Happiness was assessed at four times
after falling unemployed:
T1  1 month
T2  2 month
T3  3 month
T4  6 month

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-mi-sqr-v-5-a DMt = - p < .01     unemployed   re-employed
T1  Mt' = 7.99    --
T2  Mt' = 8.21   8.67
T3  Mt' = 8.12   8.73
T4  Mt' = 7.70   8.78

The newly employed remain equally happy after
finding a job, while the happiness of Ss who
remain unemployed decreases from T3 to T4.

The effect of unemployment is similar in three
personality types (social sensitive dependents and self-assured dominants). Insecure-submissive improve most after re-employment.