Correlational findings

Study Ambrey (2016): study AU 2001

15+ aged, general public, Australia, 2001 - 2013
Survey name:
AU-HILDA combined waves
N = 6082
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Local greenspace
Our Classification
Mean: 20.1 ha; sd 27,6 ha.
(Residents per ha: 61,0; sd 62,9)
Green hectares per capita. Amount of local greenspace, includes public parks, community gardens, cemeteries, sports fields, national parks and wilderness areas

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OLRC = +.94 p < .05 Cross-national OLRC controlled for:
- individual characteristics
  - physical exercise as recommended(MET)and
    interaction effect exercise and greenspace
    per capita
  - age
  - gender
  - ethnicity
  - marital status
  - parenting
  - health
  - education
  - employment status
  - manual work
  - income
  - social desirability, vulnerability to
  - free time
  - social interaction
  - personality traits
  - years at current address
  - years interviewed

- Environmental characteristics
  - proximity to lake,river,coastline
  - SEIFA2011-index

More greenspace reduces likelihood of low life-satisfaction. No significant association in higher quartiles with higher levels of life-satisfaction.

No (synergistic) effect of green space and physical activity (interaction effect not significant.)