Correlational findings

Study Ambrey (2016): study AU 2001

15+ aged, general public, Australia, 2001 - 2013
Survey name
AU-HILDA combined waves
N = 6082
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Local greenspace
Our Classification
Mean: 20.1 ha; sd 27,6 ha.
(Residents per ha: 61,0; sd 62,9)
Green hectares per capita. Amount of local greenspace, includes public parks, community gardens, cemeteries, sports fields, national parks and wilderness areas

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OLRC = +.94 p < .05 OLRC controlled for:
- individual characteristics
  - physical exercise as recommended(MET)and
    interaction effect exercise and greenspace
    per capita
  - age
  - gender
  - ethnicity
  - marital status
  - parenting
  - health
  - education
  - employment status
  - manual work
  - income
  - social desirability, vulnerability to
  - free time
  - social interaction
  - personality traits
  - years at current address
  - years interviewed

- Environmental characteristics
  - proximity to lake,river,coastline
  - SEIFA2011-index

More greenspace reduces likelihood of low life-satisfaction. No significant association in higher quartiles with higher levels of life-satisfaction.

No (synergistic) effect of green space and physical activity (interaction effect not significant.)