- Student participants in a psychological training, USA, 2010
- Survey name:
- Unnamed study
- N = 247
- Non Response:
- Questionnaire: web
- Authors's label
- Gratitude and Relaxation Interventions
- Our Classification
- Happiness assessments at T2 (post stress induction) and at T3 (follow-up) not considered to be the effect of training on happiness and thus not reported here.
Gratitude condition n = 94
Relaxation condition n = 73
Control group n = 80
- Participants were randomly assigned to:
1A RELAXATION INTERVENTION. Daily listening to PMR relaxation audio recording for one week.
1B GRATITUDE INTERVENTION. Daily writing down 5 things they are grateful for, for 1 week.
0 CONTROL GROUP. Daily describing their daily schedule for 1 week.
After 1 week all three groups were exposed to a stress induction consisting of an acute, time-limited stressor in which participants ttempted to complete a challenging mental task under time pressure.
Observed Relation with Happiness
Relaxation 1.25 1.26 +0.01
Gratitude 1.26 1.12 -0.14
Controls 1.22 0,77 -0.45
T0 = Baseline
T1 = after 1 week training
Relaxation vs Gratitude +1.9%
Relaxation vs Controls +5.7%
Gratitude vs Controls +3.8%