Correlational findings

Study Gavian (2011): study US 2010

Student participants in a psychological training, USA, 2010
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 247
Non Response
Questionnaire: Conputer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI)


Authors's Label
Gratitude and Relaxation Interventions
Our Classification
Happiness assessments at T2 (post stress induction) and at T3 (follow-up) not considered to be the effect of training on happiness and thus not reported here.
Gratitude condition n = 94
Relaxation condition n = 73
Control group n = 80
Related specification variables
Participants were randomly assigned to:

1A RELAXATION INTERVENTION. Daily listening to PMR relaxation audio recording for one week.

1B GRATITUDE INTERVENTION. Daily writing down 5 things they are grateful for, for 1 week.

0 CONTROL GROUP. Daily describing their daily schedule for 1 week.

After 1 week all three groups were exposed to a  stress induction consisting of an acute, time-limited stressor in which participants ttempted to complete a challenging mental task under time pressure.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BW-m-mq-v-5-e DM = +/-               T0     T1    T1-T0
Relaxation    1.25   1.26  +0.01
Gratitude     1.26   1.12  -0.14
Controls      1.22   0,77  -0.45
A-BW-m-mq-v-5-e D%sr = +/-                            T1-T0
Relaxation                 +0.1%
Gratitude                  -1.8%  
Controls                   -5.6%

T0 = Baseline
T1 = after 1 week training
A-BW-m-mq-v-5-e D%sr = +                             T1-T0
Relaxation vs Gratitude     +1.9%
Relaxation vs Controls      +5.7%
Gratitude vs Controls       +3.8%