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Correlational findings

Study Cooke et al. (2004): study GB 2000

Public:
Students, United Kingdom, 2000-2002
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 4882
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Students completed the questionnaire at the end of the 1st semester in their 1st, 2nd, or 3rd year.

Correlate

Authors's label
Financial concerns
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on financial concerns:
1 High concerns ('a lot')
0 Low concerns  (' not a lot')

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-W-cw-sq-v-5-a DM = +               Mean        DM
           High  Low            
1st year   1,71  1,35   +0,36  
2nd year   1,93  1,48   +0,45
3rd year   1,93  1,50   +0,43



Students tend to be more content as they progress through their study. This trend can be observed among 'high'  and 'low concern' students.
M-TH-cw-sq-v-5-d DM = +               Mean        DM
           High  Low          
1st year   1,45  1,05   +0,40   
2nd year   1,71  1,41   +0,30  
3rd year   1,67  1,16   +0,51   


2nd year students tend to be happier than 1st and 3rd year students, and 3rd year students tend to be happier than 1st year students. This trend can be observed among 'high'  and 'low concern' students.
C-W-cw-sq-v-5-a D%sr = +          
1st year                +9,0%
2nd year               +11,2%
3rd year               +10,8%
M-TH-cw-sq-v-5-d D%sr = +          
1st year               +10,5%
2nd year               + 7,5%
3rd year               +12,5%