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Correlational findings

Study OECD (2017): study ES 2015

Public:
15-16 aged, secundary school students, Spain, 2017
Survey name:
INT PISA 2015
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 6736
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Correlate

Authors's label
Exposure to bullying
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on 6 statements about incidence  of:
a: other students left me out of things on purpose
b: other students made fun of me
c: I was threatened by other students
d; other students took away or destroyed things that belonged to me
e; I got hit or pushed around by other students
f: other students spread neasty rumours about me
4 once a week or more
3 a few times a month
2 a few times a year
1 never or almost never

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-e DM = - p < .05 Average happiness by bullied quarter
4 most bullied     M = 6,70
3                  M = 7,47
2                  M = 7,80
1 least bullied    M = 7,72

4-1 difference        -1,01
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-e = ,05 ns C-BW-c-sq-l-11-e D% = - p < .05                        % unhappy
not frequently bullied    8,2
frequently bullied       28,4
- difference            -20,2

D% = -19,4 when controlled for:
- student characteristics
- school characteristics