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Correlational findings

Study Scheffel & Zhang (2016): study CN 2011

Public:
Elderly left behind after migration, China, 2011-2013
Survey name:
CN-China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS)
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 6041
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Migrant Child
Our Classification
Distribution
1 = 35,3 %
Operationalization
1= If at least one of the adult children has migrated to another county or even further.
0= Otherwise

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-TH-cw-sq-v-4-a Beta = -.03 p < .05 Mothers:                 beta  +.00 (ns)
Fathers:                 beta  -.05 (.05)
Lives with spouse        beta  -.01 (ns)
Lives without spouse     beta  -.07 (.01)
Receives remittances     beta  +.01 (ns)
Receives no remittances  beta  -.13 (.01)

Controlled for
- Parent: Age
- Parent: Male
- Parent: Widowed
- Parent: ADL limitation
- Parent: IADL limitation
- Parent: Health status
- Parent: Number of children
- Child: Age
- Child: Illiterate
- Child: Above high school
- Child: Male
- Child: Married
- Child: Age squared, being the oldest son
- province and time fixed effects.
M-TH-cw-sq-v-4-a Beta-f = -.09 p < .01 Mothers:                 beta-f  -.04 (ns)
Fathers:                 beta-f  -.13 (.01)
Lives with spouse        beta-f  -.09 (.01)
Lives without spouse     beta-f  -.11 (.05)
Receives remittances     beta-f  -.08 (ns)
Receives no remittances  beta-f  -.04 (ns)

Controlled for:
- Parent: Age
- Parent: Widowed
- Parent: ADL limitation
- Parent: IADL limitation
- Parent: Health status
- Parent: Number of children
- Child:  Age
- Child: Married
- Child: Age squared
M-TH-cw-sq-v-4-a D% = - ns Percent Happy

At least 1 child migrated  59,5 %
No children migrated       61,5 %
DIFFERENCE                - 2,0 %