- 50-75 aged, general public, 12 European nations, 2006-2007
- Survey name:
- N = 16071
- Non Response:
Interview: computer assisted (CAPI)
face-to-face computer assisted personal interview
- Authors's label
- Welfare regimes
- Our Classification
- Source of distinction: Bambra, C. Health inequalities and welfare state regimes: theoretical insights on a public health " puzzle" Journal Epidemiol Community Health 2011; 65 (9): 740-745.
- Four types of welfare regime:
a. Postcommunist regime. Still undergoing extensive social reforms, characterised by limited health service provisions. (Czech Republic and Poland.
b. Southern regime: rudimentary welfare regime because of fragmented system of welfare provision and welfare services. (Greece and Italy)
c. Bismarckian regime: conservative, corporatist. Status differentiating welfare regime in which benefits are often earnings related , administered through the employer and geared towards maintaining existing social patterns. (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Switzerland.)
d. Scandinavian regime. Social democratic, universal, egalitarian and comparatively generous. (Denmark and Sweden)
Level of welfare efforts is low in a and b, higher in c, and highest in d.
Observed Relation with Happiness
Women Men All
ALL 7,56 7,77 7,66
POSTCOMMUNIST: 6,77 7,10 6,93
SOUTHERN: 7,15 7,47 7,31
BISMARCKIAN: 7,78 7,92 7,85
SCANDINAVIAN: 8,57 8,54 8,55
Significance not reported.