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Correlational findings

Study Lounsbury et al. (2004): study ZZ Developed nations 2002

Public:
Librarians and information science professionals, developed nations, 2002
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1352
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Correlate

Authors's label
Tough-mindedness
Our Classification
Remarks
Scales form the Personal Style Iventory (Lounsbury & Gibson, 2002; Lounsbury, Loveland et al., 2003; Lounsbury, Sundstrom, Loveland & Gibson, 2003)
Distribution
Mean: 3.04, SD: 0.78
Operationalization
Tough-mindedness: Appraising information and making work decisions based on logic, facts, and data not feelings, values or intuition. (8 items)

5-point response format with verbal anchors at either end representing opposite meanings

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-c r = -.09 p < .01