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Correlational findings

Study Lounsbury et al. (2004): study ZZ Developed nations 2002

Public:
Librarians and information science professionals, developed nations, 2002
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1352
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Correlate

Authors's Label
Optimism
Our Classification
Remarks
Scales form the Personal Style Iventory (Lounsbury & Gibson, 2002; Lounsbury, Loveland et al., 2003; Lounsbury, Sundstrom, Loveland & Gibson, 2003)
Distribution
Mean: 3.39, SD: 0.86
Operationalization
Optimism: A person having an optimistic, hopeful outlook concerning prospects, people, and the future, even in the face of difficulty and adversity. (6 items)

5-point response format with verbal anchors at either end representing opposite meanings such as:
[ 1 ] When the future is uncertain, I tend to anticipate positive outcomes
[ 2 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 5 ] When the future  is uncertain, I tend to anticipate problems

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-c r = +.51 p < .01