Correlational findings

Study Austrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982

23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
N = 1038
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Satisfaction with job and financial situation
Our Classification
Factor analysis based on closed questions on satisfaction with:
1. job as a whole;
2. financial situation;
3. standard of living.
Rated on a 11-point scale ranging from completely dissatisfied to completely satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-a r = +.37 All Ss (married (including not formally married cohabitating Ss (considered as married)) and non-married):

ß   = +.18 after control for: gender, age, household income, marital status, being in love, desire to change dating pattern or marital status, locus of control, social support (1. instrumental: problems managing money, problems deciding how to spend money, not enough money to do things, unsatisfying job, not enough money to get by on; 2. expressive: having no close companions, having no one to depend on, unsatisfactory sex life, problems communicating, dissatisfied with marital status, having not enough close friends, having no one to show love/affection, too dependent on others, not having children, having no one to understand problems; 3. interpersonal demands: having too many responsibilities, having no one to depend on, too many demands on time, problems communicating, problems with children, problems with spouse/ex-spouse, conflicts with those who are close), and satisfaction with: friendships, love relationships and living situation.


- males:   r = +.39  ß = +.28
- females: r = +.32  ß = +.16
Beta's controlled for the same variables as above, except gender and marital status.