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Correlational findings

Study Lundberg & Kristenson (2008): study SE 2006

Public:
45-69 aged, South-East, Sweden, 2006
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 795
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
not explicitely reported

Correlate

Authors's label
Hopelessness
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on 2 questions:
a: I feel that it is impossible to reach the goals I would like to strive for
b: The future seems to me to be hopeless, and I can't believe that things are changing for the better
Each rated:
1 = yes
0 = no

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a rpc = -.43 p < .001 rpc controlled for:
- age
- sex