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Correlational findings

Study Cunado & Pérez de Gracia (2012): study ES 2008

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2008
Survey name:
EU-ESS 4: 2008
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2563
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Education and education squared
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question, text not reported.
Ratings of education levels:
7 Second stage of tertiary
6 First stage of tertiary
5 Post secondary, non-tertiary
4 Upper secondary
3 Lower secondary or lower stage of basic
2 Primary or first stage of basic
1 Not completed primary education

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-10-i OLRC = + p < .05 Education O-HL-u-sq-n-10-i OLRC = - ns Education squared

OLRC's controlled for:
- age and age squared
- gender
- employment
- marital status
- radio listening
- newspaper reading
- internet use
- time watching tv

Unaffected by additional control for:
- self-perceived health
- gender
- employment
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-i OLRC = +                OLRC
Low income     +.18(05)
High income    +.08(ns)

Income levels not reported